Year 8 teachers at Breens Intermediate, carried out a collaborative inquiry focused on increasing student agency to raise student achievement in literacy, supported by the use of digital technologies.
“Could we focus on change management – looking at the use of e-learning in literacy to raise student achievement?” This question was asked by team leader, Liz Maclennan at Breens Intermediate School.
Year 8 teachers transformed their professional practice and processes using Halbert and Kaser’s Spirals of Inquiry (2013) to scan for a wider range of evidence before developing solutions to raise literacy levels for six priority learners who were working towards the National Standard in Writing.
Liz and her team explored the reasons why some students were not meeting National Standards in writing. From this a range of evidence-based questions emerged:
The process of exploration encouraged the teachers to approach their practice in a more disciplined way and develop new teaching approaches to support improved student agency and learner outcomes.
Halbert and Kaser (2013) explain, the scanning part of Spirals of Inquiry requires an evidence-seeking mindset; it is not about reinforcing the status quo. Pushing the “pause button” on the initial solution-based question, “Could we focus on change management – looking at the use of e-learning in literacy to raise student achievement?” allowed the team to step back and engage in a quality scanning process.
Integral to this approach was:
Using a future focused lens during the scanning phase encouraged the teachers to take a much wider perspective on learning. The Breens Intermediate team looked at data and information beyond asTTle scores and teacher judgements made in relation to National Standards .
The team worked with priority learners supporting them to create learning maps that describe what helps them to learn and identifying what had an impact on their learning when writing. Students used arrows and symbols to indicate the amount and type of impact. For example, a thin one-way arrow from a person indicated a weak impact and little two-way dialogue about learning.
Questions used to guide students as they drew were:
Creating the maps enabled improved conversations between students and teachers about learning goals and about what helps with writing. When the students completed another set of maps at the end of the year, they were more explicit about their writing goals.
"The maps gave insight into personal interests and therefore the students were given more time to engage with their personal interests, for example: filming, listening to music and sports."
Teachers focused on encouraging students to connect their personal interests with writing. Student dialogue was recorded and reviewed.
Teachers identified the need to continue to define and increase student agency as students were acting as passive receivers, rather than active drivers of their learning. Teachers identified the need to involve whānau in supporting learning.
Liz, was supported by Future Focus Inquiries Facilitator, Rebbecca Sweeney, to engage her team in situation analysis.
Situation analysis is a process that encourages inquiry into practices to fully understand a student’s achievement challenge. Situation analysis involving the perspectives of family, whānau, and community can help to identify practices leading to achievement challenges.
Rebbecca describes the importance of situation analysis in her blog .
As they moved through the scanning process, their initial questions emerged as they focused on the evidence they gathered from conversations with students based on their learning maps, analysing data, and practices.
Teacher inquiry focused on building self-regulated students and agency supported by the use of digital technologies. Students used Google Apps collaboratively to construct their writing and Blogger to publish it. A focus on giving quality feedback to students was identified as a professional development priority.
During the focusing and taking action phase of the Spiral of Inquiry teachers engaged in further learning about self-regulation and student agency. Changes included:
SOLO Rubric for self management developed by students with support from teachers:
No work completed independently.|
Need to be constantly managed by a teacher to stay on task.
Has a seat to sit at.
Some work done. |
Need regular teacher check in to stay on task.
Needs teacher reminder to be at lessons.
½ work done – the bits that we like!|
Noise – normal voice. Can be a volcano.
Need teacher reminders at times.
Have a book and pens ready to work but it might not be the right one - red pen instead of blue, no ruler etc….
Most work done independently.
Some work to a high standard but slips only at times.
Voice – at a murmur but sometimes needs reminding to keep it down.
Has correct gear ready to learn most of the time.
Careful and caring. |
Finished all work to a high standard.
Neat and tidy.
Really organised with books and gear.
On time to lessons.
An independent learner.
Helps others with their work when they need it.
The team used the students’ maps and other scanning data to monitor progress during the explicit focus on “taking action” during Term 4.
Teacher reflections on changed practices and processes during the scanning, focusing, and taking action phases
"Going very well. Increased in effort leading to positive movements in Literacy. Engaged in group discussion, coming up with ideas without prompting, commenting on other peoples ideas, taking part in fitness and athletics day. Has a greater sense of ‘belonging’. Is AT the National Standard for writing!!!!!!"
"Children have made excellent progress. Engagement levels very high. They were very enthusiastic about writing the plays that they have just performed. Boys were very engaged. Scripts worked and it gave them a chance to show off what they have written."
"The children have also been engaged in athletics, camp preparation and indoor sports tournaments so are learning across all areas of the curriculum. The balance is great - it gives the children a chance to excel and show off their talents and skills in other areas - helps them to engage in their learning. For example, Water Polo has been a thing that has made [name] feel that he belongs to a group. He is now at the National Standard for reading and writing and has made significant progress in both areas."
Final Overall Teacher Judgement (OTJ) data showed that two of the six priority learners shifted from “below” to “at” the National Standard in writing. The other four students remained below the National Standard but made significant progress within that (e.g. one or two sublevels in asTTle).
Teacher reflections on what they could have done differently or what could have gone better during the end of year review process
"Could have been more explicit with the kids about what was happening to help them to improve in Writing - less passive recipients - more agency."
"Needed to start the process of learning about teaching as inquiry/spirals of inquiry earlier in the year."
"Communicate more with parents."
The team succeeded in moving away from “picking a topic” for inquiry from the outset to engaging in a genuine inquiry process. Through a mix of guided scanning, location of emerging themes from student voice, and analysis of teacher practice, future focused education themes, including digital technologies and learner agency, emerged. These future focused themes, the students, and their learning goals drove the focus of the inquiry, which was supported by digital technologies.
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e-Learning: Professional Learning
e-Learning: Beyond the classroom
Using the e-Learning Planning Frameworks
Connected Learning Advisory in the VLN
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