A common question when thinking about a 1:1 device or BYOD programme is – how will the devices be funded?
Successful 1:1 device programmes require sustained investment that goes beyond the devices alone.
Funding may be needed for things like:
- the physical learning environment
- IT infrastructure and support
- device replacement and repairs
- software licensing
- digital resource and curriculum development
- professional development.
There can also be a considerable investment of time.
Initial capital investment may be able to be funded from savings, charitable grants, community fundraising, parent contributions, partnerships, or top-up grants under your school property plan. Ongoing operational costs could be spread across the budget, in areas such as:
You may be able to offset costs with savings from the use of technology, for instance:
The Education Act 1989 provides NZ students with the right to a free education. Families can not be required to provide devices, and students can not be denied access to learning opportunities because they do not have the recommended equipment. Read more on the Ministry of Education website, Education circular 2013–06 Payments by parents of students . Consider how to provide equitable learning opportunities for all students: will you offer temporary loan devices, a subsidy scheme, or fully funded devices for students?
A combination of approaches will work for some communities.
Every learner and member of staff has access to a device, that is either leased or purchased by the school. Allowing these devices to be taken home fulfills a need to promote learning beyond the classroom in conjunction with parents and the extended school community.
Some advantages of school-provided devices include:
Some disadvantages are:
"Bring your own technology (BYOT) is an educational development and a supplementary school technology resourcing model, where the home and the school collaborate in arranging for students' 24/7 use of their own digital technology/ies to be extended into the classroom, and in so doing to assist their teaching and learning and the organisation of their schooling and, where relevant, the complementary education outside the classroom."(Lee & Levins, 2012)
Some advantages of student-provided devices are:
Some disadvantages are:
Some school communities are working in partnerships that use a separate legal entity, such as a trust, to fund or lease digital devices, internet connectivity and online learning resources. The partnership may source funding and bulk-buying discounts to provide families with more affordable devices and support. Parents can contribute an ongoing sum to pay for the device and/or internet connection at home. See school stories for examples .
Some advantages of community partnership funding are:
Some disadvantages are:
Under the Crown Entities Act and Education Act, school boards can only enter into certain types of securities. There are two main types of securities – debt securities and equity securities. In general terms, a debt security is a right to be paid money that has been lent to someone else. Schools may not acquire debt securities other than with approved NZ financial institutions and public securities. This means that schools cannot lend money to the school community or establish a school-run device hire purchase scheme. Read more in the School Finances – Bank accounts and securities section.
By harnessing the collective buying power of over 200 State sector agencies and 2,500 schools, the Government is able to achieve substantial cost savings, provide productivity gains for schools and suppliers, and ultimately improve competitiveness.
Schools can purchase desktops, laptops and tablets from a choice of 6 suppliers, offering Windows, Android, and Apple based solutions. Nominated Third Party Agents can purchase and service equipment on your behalf.
Schools can also purchase mobile, voice and data services, and print devices, with estimated savings of 15-40%. Read more on the All of Government website .
Using the Virtual Learning Network as part of a blended professional learning model
Twelve schools in Porirua form the PEG Cluster. They collaborate through their cluster group in VLN. Resources, which are used and shared at face-to-face workshops and in face-to-face meetings, are made available to teachers to re-visit and re-use.
The Manaiakalani Project is the education plan for a multi-agency long term government project to renew the larger area of Tamaki in Auckland. The Manaiakalani Project is working with teachers to develop a digital age pedagogical framework to deliver the curriculum to the students from Year 1-13. The students are being offered the opportunity to own personal netbook devices and wireless internet access is being offered across the community to enable the students to continue working from home. Parent and agency education involvement with this project is important. See Partners and supporters for information on the organisations partnering with this cluster.
A perfect partnership
In this Interface magazine article, Rosehill College outlines their partnership with the school community, a local retailer, Work and Income, and charities to ensure that all Year 9 students can access a digital device. After careful consideration and consultation with the community, Rosehill College included Chromebooks as a required stationery item. Parents who cannot afford to fully fund a device themselves can seek assistance from Work and Income.
Paying for your technology
An article from Interface Magazine discussing buying or leasing your technology.
Join the groups in the VLN to participate in the discussions.
BYOD in schools group – an active community group in the VLN Groups social network that connects schools across NZ on the BYOD journey